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IJN HARUNA


Battleship Class:
KONGO
Builder:
Kawasaki, Kobe
Date:
1912 - 1915
Displacement metric tons:
36601
Length Overall
728' 4"
Beam:
101' 8"
Draught:
31' 9"
Machinery:
4-shaft Kampon
11 Kampon boilers
Shaft Horse-Power:
136000
Speed:
30 knts.
Fuel:
6330 oil
Radius:
10000 @ 18 knts.
Armament:
8 x 14in 45-cal
14 x 6in 50-cal
4 x 5in AA
4 x 40mm AA
8 x 13mm MGs
8 x 25mm AA
Complement:
1437


Haruna
Launched 14 December, 1913 and completed 19 April, 1915; damaged in South Pacific 
1917 by striking mine laid by German auxiliary cruiser Wolf; damaged at Kure 19 
March, 1945; sunk in shallow water 8 nm NW of Kure 28 July, 1945 by aircraft of US TF 
38 (34°15' N, 132° 29' E); BU 1946 at Harima.


General Notes:
These were the first true battlecruisers built for the Japanese Navy.  They were designed 
by Sir George Thruston and were similar to HMS Tiger, but were slower and carried 
heavier armament.  They were built under the 1910-11 Budget, and were later reclassified 
battleships.  Kongo was last the capital ship to be built outside Japan.

Armour:
Belt 8in to 3in; bulkheads 9in to 15in; barbettes 10in; turrets 9in; CT 10in to 6in. The 
deck protection was greatly increased during reconstruction.

Re-Armament and Reconstruction:
In 1915 Kongo had her forward funnel raised 6 ½ft. In 1923-35 Kongo and Hiei were 
given caps to their forward funnels.  In 1927-31 torpedo-bulges and thicker deckarmour 
were added, the 14in guns were given more elevation, and provision was made for 3 
floatplanes.  The number of funnels was reduced from 3 to 2, and after this reconstruction 
they were re-rated as battleships. From 1932 to 1936, Hiei had all of her 6in guns 
removed.
From 1934 to 1940, all were lengthened by 26 ¼ft aft, and had new fire-control installed.  
Hiei's foremast was a prototype for the Yamato Class, and she was the only unit of the 
class to have the forefunnel thinner than the after one.  In 1943, Kongo and Haruna had 
34 x 25mm AA guns, and in 1944 they received radar; their secondary armament was 
now 8 x 6in, 12 x 5in and 34 x 25mm AA.  In October 1944 they had 100 x 25mm AA, 
and the final total was 118, and even depth-charges had been added.
The yards which carried out the various reconstructions were:
Kongo 1929-31, Yokosuka DY; 1936-7, Yokosuka DY
Hiei 1929-32 Kure DY; 1936-40, Kure DY
Kirishima 1927-30, Kure DY; 1935-6, Sasebo DY
Haruna 1927-8, Yokosuka DY; 1933-4, Kure DY

Machinery:
To comply with the provisions of the 1922 Washington Treaty the ships were 
'demilitarised' as follows:
Kongo and Kirishima: 16 Yarrow boilers, 13800 shp = 18 knots (armament 8 x 14in, 16 x 
6in 4 to 7 3.1in AA, 3 floatplanes and catapult, 4 x 21in TT).
Haruna: similarly armed but machinery as Hiei. Fuel increased to 2661ts coal and 3292ts 
oil = 9500 nm @ 14 knots.
Haruna & Hiei: 11 boilers, 13800 shp = 18 knots. Hiei had 6 x 14in, 16 x 6in, 4 x 3.1in 
AA.

Trials speeds:

                             As Built                             As Modernized
Kongo                  27.54 knots (78275 shp)                    30.27 knots
Kirishima              27.6 knots (82000 shp)                     30.5 knots
Haruna                 27.78 knots (80476 shp)                    30.2 knots
Hiei                   27.6 knots (shp not known)                 29.7 knots






Links to other web-sites with information on the
IJN HARUNA


IJN HARUNA: Tabular Record of Movement



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